What’s a fugue?


Subject _______

                           Answer _______

                                                       Subject _______

                                                                                   Answer _______

Fugato: fugal exposition that doesn’t go any further.


In order to have a Counter Subject, it has to appear after the first Answer as well.

Subject _______ CS

                                                         CS 2 

                             Answer _______ CS 1                          (free)

                                                                                           CS 2

                                                         Subject __________ CS 1

                                                                                           Answer ______________

coda = tail

What happens after the Exposition?

Episode: any section that is absent of the subject

Middle Entry: each return of the subject, can involve one or more statements of the subject, or the presentation of the subject in various mutations.

Stretto: “narrowing“ of the gap of the successive entrances of a subject.


Last section of the form, followed by a double bar.   May contain augmentation or diminution, signals that “things” are coming to an end.  Final entry is presented in the original key.

Inversions – may include a second exposition that prevents the subject in an inversion.


|| Exposition | Episode | Middle Entry | Episode | Middle Entry | Episode | Final Entry ||

Composers often use Fugues to pay homage to the Baroque style.  The fillery creates a motor effect that keeps the fugue moving along.

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